Technological equation between China and India


Since the start of the PLA intrusions, India has taken cosmetic measures to ban Chinese mobile apps, however, Indian manufacturing is highly dependent on raw materials.

By Lieutenant Colonel Manoj K Channan

The world has witnessed a dynamic and fluid environment since the Wuhan virus broke out in December 2019, the power struggle between the United States and China is well documented, and Russia’s position on Ukraine and its relations with its immediate neighbor China and as India the Pakistani neighbor reaches out to Ukraine as well as to Russia to support it at the UN.

Closer to home, the Chinese intrusions were blocked by a strong response from the Indian Defense Forces and the Indian Army in particular, who not only denied and gave a strong response in the direction of effective control, including Galwan . The Kailash Range occupation put the PLA at a major disadvantage and exposed the Moldo garrison which came under direct line of sight and thus exposed the PLA’s vulnerabilities.

If one is to sit back and think this gives India an advantage, that will vary in areas of eye contact.

The capability for large-scale conventional operations as well as capacity building has stagnated under the mindset of counter-insurgency/counter-terrorism operations. PLA intrusions like 1962 have shaken political, military and bureaucratic leaders out of their deep slumber.

Some principles that must be visited are listed below for India to consider.

Trade

Since the start of the PLA intrusions, India has taken cosmetic measures to ban Chinese mobile apps, however, Indian manufacturing is highly dependent on raw materials. Chinese companies delayed the supply chain and changed the terms and conditions of supply with imposed delays as well as a hundred percent financial cost in advance.

Cyberwar/Security

China has a three-decade lead over India in its offensive and defensive capabilities to wreak havoc. The power outage in Mumbai was identified by US sources as a China-based cyberattack, although its own CERT agency denied it as an outage under natural circumstances.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal (JNPCT) is not accepting ships at berth this morning due to system failure. A suspected management information system (MIS) cyber-attack has crippled the container terminal run by the public port authority at Jawaharlal Nehru Port from Monday, forcing Jawaharlal Nehru Container Terminal (JNPCT) to divert a container ship to other terminals at the port near Mumbai.

5G technology

The Chinese are actively rolling out 5G technology along the Line of Actual Control. India has yet to deploy 5G technology and has limited capacity in terms of test lab which is only available at IIT Chennai.

big data

Big Data is defined simply as large, complex, large sets of data from new data sources that traditional data processing software cannot handle. In the context of counterterrorism, big data refers to the massive amount of unstructured, unfiltered, and raw data that law enforcement and intelligence agencies need to extract information to prevent future attacks.

Artificial intelligence and machine learning

Buzzwords of artificial intelligence and machine learning are often heard at seminars and conferences led by military leaders, there is still a long way to go, as the adaptation of technology has been delayed , as emphasis has been placed on counter-insurgency/counter-terrorism operations which the Indian Army has been engaged in since October 1987, till date.

Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle

An Indo-Russian joint venture, the BrahMos is considered the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world, capable of flying at a speed of Mach 3, or three times the speed of sound. India introduced this weapon for use on tri-service platforms.

Like the rest of the superpowers, India has also joined the race to develop hypersonic weapons. The country developed a Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle (HSTDV) and tested a Mach 6 scramjet in June 2019 and September 2020.

The HSTDV had been developed by the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). According to experts, this test firing was related to the manufacture of the BrahMos II hypersonic missile. This new missile is likely to complement the Indian Navy’s existing BrahMos anti-ship missile.

Hypersonic cruise missiles

3M22 Zircon – Russia’s hypersonic anti-ship cruise missile.

14-X – hypersonic glider vehicle mounted on a VSB-30 rocket by Brazil.

BrahMos-II – Hypersonic missile by India and Russia.

Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle – Hypersonic scramjet demonstration by India.

High Speed ​​Strike Weapon – Missile based on Boeing X-51 by USA.

Kh-90 – Hypersonic air-to-ground cruise missile. Developed in 1990 by the Soviet Union/Russia.

DF-ZF – DF-17-mounted hypersonic glide vehicle by China.

Swarm Drone Abilities

NewSpace Research & Technologies, which won at least two MoD contracts last year, specializes in swarm drone systems and is working on an ambitious project with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) to develop a pseudo-satellite peak for monitoring. and communications.

In September last year, the military placed an Rs 200 crore order with the company to deliver a swarm drone system that will be capable of surveillance and attack missions. Treated as emergency purchases, the system must be delivered by the manufacturer within one year.

Vagrant Precision Guided Munitions

General Atomics USA is in talks with the Indian government, supplying these highly versatile drones for precision targeting of hostile elements. Under the current Make in India initiative, it is relevant for the Indian government to engage with SMEs and support them after due diligence of their basic skills.

Conventional Weapon Capabilities

The PLA, with its larger industrial capabilities and available excess funds, has been able to plan and match its growth over the past decades. India has been caught up in its Gun vs Butter debate, the lack of political will and vision and, to date, the lack of recruitment as the basic boots in the field, strongly negate military capability. Election rhetoric and lack of leadership from statesmen with weak leadership at all levels point to no resolution in the near future.

To sum up, it is never too late; all it takes is a planned approach and setting the correct goals and expectations. Technology is constantly changing and the biggest challenges are politics and bureaucracy with endless tripwires of bureaucracy, budget allocation and announcements to support indigenous development get lost on lack of domain knowledge, the lack of decision-making, followed by the reappropriation of budgets that respond to political expediency cause them to always be static, best described by Newton’s first law of motion which states that an object in motion has tendency to stay in motion unless an external force acts on it. Similarly, if the object is at rest, it will remain at rest unless an unbalanced force acts on it. Newton’s first law of motion is also known as the law of inertia.

(The author is a veteran of the Indian Army. The opinions expressed are personal and do not reflect the position or official policy of Financial Express Online. Reproduction of this content without permission is prohibited).

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