India has made impressive progress in enrolling its children in primary schools and above all improving the number of female students, according to a UNESCO report published on Thursday. But India still lags behind in reducing overall adult illiteracy, and more work needs to be done to improve the quality of education, the report says.
One of the report’s most startling findings shows that India will be the only country in South and West Asia to have an equal ratio of girls and boys in primary and secondary school this year – a Rare good news for a country struggling with widespread criticism over its treatment of women.
India has also reduced the number of out-of-school children by more than 90 percent since 2000, when 164 countries pledged to meet six global education goals, says the report titled Education for All in the World. world 2000-2015″.
The report states that India is on track to achieve universal enrollment of children in pre-preliminary schools and has achieved the goal of universal primary education.
“In the 1990s, the schools were quite insufficient in relation to the number of children. Today we have achieved access to school for all,” said R. Govinda, Vice Chancellor of the National University of Educational Planning and Administration. “We now have to make these schools deliver.”
Between 2005 and 2014, India increased its investment in education from around $14 billion to $62 billion. About 45% of schools now have electricity, compared to 20% in 2003. About 78% of paved roads have been built around schools, compared to 63% previously. India also passed the ambitious right of children to free and compulsory education in 2009, part of a series of rights-based laws for social services, and levied a special education tax surcharge. .
Although school infrastructure and facilities have improved, learning outcomes have remained poor. Fifth-grade students in public schools in nine Indian states cannot read second-grade textbooks, the annual State of Education report said in January.
“Children are physically present, but many of them are cognitively absent. Addressing learning is the next big issue for us,” Govinda said. “We need to dramatically improve the quality of teachers now.”
The report indicates that there are approximately 781 million illiterate adults in the world. About 32% of countries – including India – are “very far” from achieving the target of reducing adult illiteracy levels by 50%.
“Research from 2009 and 2010 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda found that less educated men expressed discriminatory sexist views, were more likely to be violent at home and, if they were fathers, were less likely to be involved in childcare,” the report said.
Globally, only one-third of countries have achieved all of the measurable Education for All goals set in 2000, according to the report.
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